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Federal (IDEA, Section 504, ADA) and state laws are in place which mandate schools to evaluate children at no cost to the parents – but many times children fall through the cracks if the parents or caregiver isn’t knowledgeable of the laws or doesn’t keep good contact records and persistently follow-up with the school district.
 The IEP should be driven by the child's needs-not by the eligibility label (OHI - EBD - SLD).

The second thing is
A child who gets passing grades can have a disability and need help.
The law does not mention grades, nor does the law state that a child
needs to fail before the school evaluates.

In order to establish that an individual is covered under the Americans with Disability Act (ADA) and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, documentation must be provided that indicates that a disability substantially limits some major life activity, including learning. The following documentation guidelines are provided to assure that documentation of ADHD demonstrates a significant impact on a major life activity and supports the request for accommodations.

It is the responsibility of the student to obtain the documentation and present a copy to the Disability Services Office.'what%20are%20adhd%20accommodations'

When things go wrong, as they sometimes will,
When the road you're trudging seems all up hill,
When funds are low and the debts are high,
And you want to smile, but you have to sigh,
When care is pressing you down a bit,
Rest, if you must...BUT DON'T YOU QUIT.
Life is queer with its twists and truns,
As everyone of us sometimes learns,
And failure turns about
When he might have won had he stuck it out;
Don't give up, though the pace seems slow,
You might succeed with another blow.
Often the goal is nearer than it seems
to a faint and faltering man,
often the struggler has given up,
When he might have captured the victor's cup,
And he learned too late,
When the night slipped down,
How close he was to the golden crown.
Success is failure turned inside out,
The silver tint of the clouds of doubt,
And you never can tell how close you are,
It may be near when it seems so far;
So stick to the fight when you're hardest hit,
it's when things seem worst that you mustn't QUIT!
~Author Unknown~

"Because no prescription is more valuable than knowledge."
C.Everett Koop, MD
Medical Director
Time Life Medical

Adhd conditions can only be managed; not cured and although sometimes these children's symptoms subside with age, often they remain into adulthood.

Basically there are two ways to get accommodations - with a 504 or an IEP.  A 504 will provide accommodations that allow access to the education, but not guarantee benefit from the education; an IEP guarantees the student will benefit from the education, but to qualify for an IEP you need to be eligible for special education services (have a learning disability, or the AD/HD is so bad it interferes with learning can be classified as 'OHI' ... other health impaired).

A Place to Start---A Must Read!
"I'm a mom who struggles to help my ADHD/ADD child.  In this regard, I’ve spent a considerable amount of time searching for answers  –  only part of which you’ll find referenced in this letter.  It’s my hope that by sharing this information it will raise public awareness as well as be instrumental in lending a helping hand toward finding “a place to start.”  There's something here for everybody. "

From the ERIC database

Providing an Appropriate Education to Children with Attention Deficit Disorder. ERIC Digest #E512.

Administration on Developmental Disabilities
Government site includes listings of state programs for the developmentally disabled.

Developmental Delay Resources
"A nonprofit organization dedicated to meeting the needs of those working with children who have developmental delays in sensory motor, language, social, and emotional areas."

ORHS LD/ADHD Parent, Student, and Community Group
Parents Need Assistance
Many times a parent or community member will e-mail a question to us requesting assistance.  We send the e-mail request via our listserv as a "parent needs assistance..."  We change any identifying information to maintain confidentiality.  Any responses will be posted here.  If someone would like their e-mail/name/phone passed on to the requester we will do so.  We do not post names and e-mail addresses on this page.


Section 504
Establishing a Paper Trail

You might be tempted to throw out papers when they get out of hand, but this may be a mistake. Even the oldest documents in your child's history can sometimes help you make a case for increased or different services under IDEA.

Make sure you understand the relative importance of different documents and organize them sensibly.

Here are some guidelines to help you manage them.

by:Robert Crabtree,Esq.


Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 was designed to eliminate descrimination on the basis of a handicap.  It is the only legal mandate requiring agencies to provide special education to a child with a disability.
A qualified individual is one who, with reasonable modifications, is able to meet all the programs requirements in spite of the disability.
''OTHER''-includes chronic or acute impairments that result in limited alertness, which adversely affects educational performance.  Thus ADD should be
classified as eligible under the "other" health impaired category.

Understanding Section 504

Understanding 504 Plans

The Answers You Need To Manage the Frustrations of ADHD

504 Intervention Suggestions

Kentucky's Office for the Americanswith Disabilities Act

Teaching Students with Disabilities (PDF)

Schoolwork and ADHD

ADHD Documentation Guidelines


How Your Childs School Can Help with His ADHD

Where To Turn If The School Won't Cooperate

Services for Children with LD & ADHD

Services for Children with LD

                        WHAT'S NEXT?

Students with ADHD

Helping Children with ADHD

Student Discrimination & Harrassment Grievance Policy & Procedures


A written plan outlining modifications for a handicapped child, according to the Education for all Handicapped Children Act of 1975 depending on the
nature of the childs handicap. No decisions can be made without parental permission, and parents should be well informed before the meeting. It also would be a good idea to jot down things that come to mind, or questions
that you have so  you have an outline of what you want to say.

An Individual Education Plan (IEP) Team consists of the student's parent(s), an administrator, general education teacher, special education teacher, persons who evaluated the student, and any other persons desired by the parents. The student may also be included, especially after the age of 14, when transition plans are developed.

The IEP Team will consider the  recommendations and decide if a disability exists. If the student has a disability, the IEP Team will arrange services for the student. It will then prepare an IEP based on the student's needs.

The general education teacher is an essential member of the IEP Team. A valid decision about the student cannot be made without information from the general education teacher.

Special Ed.Law a review and analysis

IEP/IFSP Standards

IEP's and Beyond

Guide to the Individualized Education Program


Mediation Page

New Tools for Dispute Resolution In special Education Matters
Sept 27,2002

What is an IEP? and related links

What Makes A Good IEP for Your Child?

Special Education Individual Education Plan (IEP)
Special Education Teachers Resources for Individual Education Plan

Resolving Special Education Disputes:
Negotiation, Mediation, and Litigation

Learning to Negotiate

Ten Ways To take Charge of Your Child's IEP Meeting

72 Point Check List

Checklist For Effective IEP's

Individualized Educational Program (IEP) Page

Eight Steps To a Better IEP Meeting

How do I get the IEP team to follow through on what they say
they will do?

Step 1:  Make sure any "promise" or committment your IEP team makes to
your child is a written one.

Verbal reassurances are nice to receive, but you can only hold the
school accountable for services actually written in to the IEP. 
Services listed in the IEP should start immediately or if delays are
necessary (to hire staff or obtain supplies) then the IEP should specify
who is responsible and when the services should begin.  If services
don't start by the date listed, simply call another meeting of the IEP
team.  This way you aren't the only one asking, "Why isn't this service
started?", it's the whole team holding the listed person accountable.

Step 2:  Use the chain of command.

If working with your team isn't "working" then use the chain of command
and exercise your parental rights -- in others words, start complaining.
 Write a calm, objective letter stating when your child's need was
documented; when the committment to provide services was made (and by
whom); and the current status (that services have still not been
started).  End your letter with a specific request (i.e. what you expect
to happen and by when).  Be sure to start local (your child's building
principal, the district special education director, the local board of
education) and then move to filing a formal complaint with the State
Board of Education if you don't receive an appropriate response from
your local officials.

You can read a sample complaint letter regarding an IEP violation here:
If you need to reach your State Board of Education, you can find contact
information here:
To read more great tips, check out the rest of today's Ideal Lives
Express at:
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IDEA Training Package
Download more than 500 pages on special education law

Individuals With Disabilities Act Ammendments of 1997 Assistance to States for the education of children with disabilities.
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act Amendments of 1997 were signed into law on June 4, 1997.

This Act strengthens academic expectations and accountability for the nation's 5.8 million children with disabilities and bridges the gap that has too often existed between what children with disabilities learn and what is required in regular curriculum.



IDEA Law and Regulations
Your childs rights under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act

Our Children Left Behind
IDEA Reauthorization Information
IDEA Reauthorization information for parents, students, and those who care about students who receive special education services. ... These are research-based practices that have allowed our children to receive ... of fees, even fewer lawyers will be willing to ... chair Logans IEP team meetings; failed to permit ...

Mistakes People Make

by Robert Crabtree


Independent Evaluators

School Districts



State Yellow Pages for Kids With Disabilities
Where you can get reliable information and support. Your state Yellow Pages includes many resources - government programs, grassroots organizations, and parent support groups.

NICHCY State Resources


A Parents Guide to No Child Left Behind
NCLB took effect on January 8, 2002

No Child Left Behind Website

Preparing for a Due Process Hearing
This is different from advocating at IEP meetings or evaluation meetings.

A Guide to Resolving Concerns About Your Child's Special Education Services


The Institute for Learning -Centered Education
Educational Accommodations Index lists IEP accommodations for various behaviors and disabilities, including attention deficiency, emotional impairment and auditory processing deficiency

List of Appropriate School Based Accommodations
For a 504 or IEP

Common Sense Adhd School Accommodations

Teaching Children with ADHD
Lots of helpful tips on instructing students with ADHD.

Classroom Strategies for Engaging Students Attention
Establishing the Proper Learning Environment

Constructing Positive Behaviors

ADHD Recommendations

Taking GED tests and Accommodations

Suggested Classroom Accommodations for Specific Behaviors

Inventory of Typical Accommodations for Students with ADHD

Classroom Accommodations for the ADHD Child

Accommodations for Memory Difficulties

ADHD Recommendations

Suggested Clasroom Accommodations for Specific Behaviors

Great Classroom Accommodations for ADHD

Is Your Child's Program Carried Out In The Least Restrictive Environment?


Organizational Strategies

Recommendations and Accomadations for Teaching Children with ADHD

Suggested Classroom Interventions For Children With Add & LD

The ever-informative LD OnLine has launched a new online
Advocacy Corner to guide parents in developing effective
educational assistance for their child with LD and/or ADHD.
Each month the LD OnLine staff (a parent advocate and lawyer and
a licensed school psychologist) will work with one parent to
help them move more effectively through the special education
maze. Steps involved in the case will be summarized each month
on the LD Online Web site to serve as a model to empower other


What You Should Know about Evaluations

Due Process

Seeking an Independent Evaluator

Working With Your Evaluator

Behavior Intervention

Behavior Intervention Plans
Addressing Student Problem Behavior

Special Education News
Behavior Management
Behavior Management News Archive 

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